Fentanyl Abuse Symptoms
Fentanyl is opium derived narcotic pain reliever that is similar to morphine but several times stronger than the morphine; its brand name is Duragesic.
The drug can be administered in a variety of ways but the most common is via a transdermal (skin) patch. A small amount of the drug is applied to the skin and then left to be slowly absorbed into the body over a long period.
Fentanyl is classified among the schedule II drugs and its main purpose is to treat chronic pain. However, just like other opiates, Fentanyl is highly addictive and should only be taken as prescribed and under the close scrutiny of a qualified doctor.
In order to be able to detect problems of addiction, you need to be able to understand how the drug functions; Fentanyl links to the opiate receptors in the body and the level of dopamine increases as a result. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that controls behavior, movement and motivation amongst other things and an increase in the secretion of dopamine will lead to the initiation of relaxation and euphoria. The drug is classified under class II as a result of its addiction problems.
It isn’t always easy to identify if a person is abusing Fentanyl but there are signs to look out for even after an individual has developed a tolerance to it. A very common sign is that an addict’s pupils will have contracted and be permanently tiny, like pin points, even when it is dark.
Fentanyl also make the user extremely relaxed and lack alertness which may cause them to nod off or fall asleep in unusual and inappropriate situations such as in the middle of a conversation or when they are standing up. However, it should be understood that this problem is only obvious in novice addicts and more seasoned addicts will control and hide the effects.
Fentanyl is known to induce euphoria in some abusers but this seems to be determined by each individual as not every abuser experiences it. Unless a fresh dose is ingested, the euphoria will disappear after some time and the person then becomes irritable until they take another dose. Some abusers develop feelings of guilt which evolve into thoughts of suicide.
Fentanyl abusers often experience and display a change in personal characteristics that can be used to identify that a person is abusing. The main behavioral change will be drug-seeking behavior such as tampering with a prescription in an attempt to obtain larger amounts of the drug. Doctor surfing to obtain prescriptions from several doctors is another common characteristic among abusers, as is buying the drug from illicit suppliers on the black market. Other characteristics that can indicate a person is abusing Fentanyl include deteriorating performance at school or work, social withdrawal from friends and family as well as reduced interest in carrying out routine activities.
Experiencing withdrawal symptoms after taking Fentanyl for a long time is indicative of an addiction and these symptoms will appear just a few hours after taking the last dose, a doctor’s assistance is recommended to get rid of the addiction. Withdrawal symptoms include sweating, nausea, diarrhea, chills, cramps, vomiting, nausea, twitching, muscle pain, agitation and a craving for more drugs.