Fentanyl Abuse Side Effects
Many people choose to abuse Fentanyl in particular as it is much stronger than other opiates, most people who abuse Fentanyl usually do so without a prescription, however there are others who abuse the drug by getting a prescription but increase the amount they ingest without telling the doctor.
Drug abusers often extract Fentanyl from skin patches then snort, inject or smoke it to get an effect that is similar to a heroin ‘hit’. The manufacturers of Fentanyl patches are now obliged to include strong safety labeling about the side effects and the risks of overdosing.
It is important for patients who are offered Fentanyl legitimately to only use it as directed as inappropriate use of Fentanyl causes serious side effects and complications, both of which may cause discomfort to the abuser, or could even cause their death.
Clinical trials have revealed numerous side effects to Fentanyl which increase when the amount ingested increases, the most serious side effect being when an abuser overdoses, whether intentionally or accidentally.
Fentanyl is 80 times stronger than morphine and the side effects also increase accordingly. Common, mild side effects of Fentanyl abuse are constipation, nausea, stomach pain and headache, lack of appetite, dizziness, hallucinations, breathing problems, diarrhea, confusion, excessive sweating, dry mouth, fatigue, vomiting and general weakness.
However there are other cases when users develop far more severe side effects such as liver damage, respiratory depression, an allergic reaction marked by facial swellings, hives and breathing difficulties. In the most extreme cases, deaths have occurred following Fentanyl abuse and experts are currently investigating them in order to determine if they were caused as a result of improper use.
It is imperative that patients discuss their full medical history with their doctor before taking Fentanyl in order to reduce the risk of side effects. Fentanyl is dangerous to those with a history of breathing disorders, asthma, kidney disease, seizures or addiction. A doctor will be able to assess the pros and cons of prescribing Fentanyl to patients who have or have had these conditions as they are at a higher risk of getting the side effects.
The most serious complications are those that are caused by an overdose of Fentanyl and are a sign that the central nervous system has become depressed. These side effects include a slowed heartbeat and a slow rate of breathing, cold damp skin, pinpoint pupils, a change in or complete loss of consciousness and seizures. All the side effects of a Fentanyl overdose are also accompanied by the less serious ones.